Glossary of sustainability
Waste products of animal origin, which can under certain conditions be recycled to become raw material in other production chains, while avoiding being destined to becoming industrial waste.
Ratio of the number of reported accidents to the number of hours worked multiplied by one million.
Ratio of absence days due to accidents to the number of hours worked multiplied by one thousand.
A complex that defines the quality of life perceived by each individual animal, both physically and psychologically, based on the animal’s ability to express its natural behaviour.
The most efficient and advanced technology, industrially available at that time on the market and applicable under technically viable conditions, capable of guaranteeing a high level of protection for the environment as a whole.
Biological oxygen demand. It corresponds to the amount of oxygen required by microorganisms to decompose organic matter in an effluent.
Environmental label for the protection of people and the environment certifying products that meet specific environmental and health requirements for consumer protection. It is the world’s first environmental label and was issued in 1978. It is held by the German Ministry of the Environment and is verified by RAL gGmbH.
Production waste that can be managed as goods and not as waste, if it fulfils all the conditions required by law.
A flexible mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol (Art. 12) that allows companies in industrialised countries with emission constraints to implement projects aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries without emission constraints in order to promote sustainable development.
It is a measurement of the greenhouse gas emissions generated to produce goods or services. The total amount of these emissions is expressed in terms of CO2 eq (carbon dioxide equivalent). The calculation is based on the LCA of the entire life cycle of a product, “from cradle to grave”.
Action consisting in joining specific climate protection projects, through the purchase of verified and certified credits, representing emissions that have been reduced, avoided or captured, in order to offset emissions that cannot be reduced to zero. They are measured in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.
Quantity of oxygen used for the oxidation of organic and inorganic substances contained in an effluent. This parameter provides an indication of the anthropogenic contamination of the taken sample.
It identifies the role of business as a component of the social community, able to influence and at the same time be influenced by the morals and ethics characterising the entire community. The objective of the company still remains profit maximisation, but to be pursued with a different perspective, i.e., with total openness to the social needs of the community involved.
Carbon dioxide is a gas formed in all processes of combustion, respiration, decomposition of organic material, by complete oxidation of carbon. It is indispensable to plant life and is practically inert. CO2 is transparent to sunlight, but absorbs infrared radiation emitted by the earth’s surface, resulting in the so-called “greenhouse effect”. Changes in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere due to various anthropogenic activities (combustion, deforestation) lead to changes in the climate over time.
Set of internal processes (liming, tanning, dyeing, finishing, etc.) for leather processing by the tannery.
Set of downstream processes (packaging, waste production) following the processing of leather by the tannery.
Certification scheme according to ISO 14025, as part of the Type III environmental labels, containing the quantification of environmental impacts associated with a product’s life cycle. The EPD is validated only if the environmental performance complies with the requirements of the PCRs (Product Category Rules).
Criteria used in financial economics to indicate all those activities related to responsible investment that pursue their objectives by taking into account environmental, social and governance aspects.
Certification scheme according to UNI 11427, which identifies a particular type of leather with reduced environmental impact, with particular functional characteristics and specific production processes. This certification is applicable to every type of finished leather and for every intended use.
The indicators are calculated over the entire leather production process, from the raw hide to the finished leather. The definition of eco-leather is further regulated and guaranteed by Legislative Decree of 9 June 2020, no. 68.
A long-term international commitment whose mission is to develop and disseminate voluntary guidelines for reporting on the economic, environmental and social aspects of a company’s activities.
Set of ten principles that companies can integrate into their strategies on a voluntary basis. The principles, derived from UN
documents, cover human rights, labour standards, anti-corruption and the environment.
It refers to an organisation that offers a misleading image of itself as an environmentally responsible entity, for the sole
purpose of promoting a positive perception of the organisation for increased profits. Essentially, it is a sort of manipulation
of public opinion, in order to gain support from the local community and institutions, by proposing goals that are not really
socially and environmentally responsible.
Colourless, flammable natural gas with the characteristic odour of rotten eggs at low concentrations. It is a toxic gas if inhaled, with a broad spectrum of harmful effects depending on the degree of exposure. It is present in nature but is also generated in certain stages of leather processing.
This is the measure that authorises the operation of a plant or part of a plant under certain conditions that must ensure compliance with the requirements of Legislative Decree 59/05 - Full implementation of Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control.
International standardisation body formed by the network of national bodies from 162 countries.
Substances or objects resulting from industrial activities, which the owner is obliged to dispose of, according to specific methods. They are classified according to their origin and their possible hazard characteristics.
An analysis methodology that evaluates a set of interactions that a product or service has with the environment, considering its entire life cycle that includes the pre-production points (thus also extraction and production of materials), production, distribution, use (thus also reuse and maintenance), recycling and final disposal.
A non-profit organisation, founded by leading fashion, footwear and leather goods brands, which has drawn up a specific international environmental protocol for the leather manufacturing industry. This environmental protocol is a voluntary certification scheme capable of assessing environmental, social, occupational health and safety performance, including a specific positioning rating.
Voluntary LEATHER STANDARD by OEKO-TEX® certification, applied to the entire leather production process, which sets specific limits on several substances harmful to humans potentially employed in production processes. Products certified to this standard guarantee safety for end consumers
Product category rules forming the basis of the EPD declaration.
Contract for the supply of green energy between a producer and a user entity via the public electricity grid. There is no need for the producer plant to be in the vicinity of the user.
Renewable energy sources are forms of electricity derived from the resources of the natural world (sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat).
Parties that can influence or be influenced by the organisation and its activities. For instance, these can be owners, workers, customers, suppliers, supervisory bodies, the local community, trade associations, etc.
The environmental definition of sustainability originated with the 1987 Brundtland Report, which describes sustainable development as an approach that meets the needs of the present without adversely affecting conditions for future generations. On 25 September 2015, 193 member countries of the United Nations unanimously passed Resolution 70/1 “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The agenda is structured into 17 development goals that make the lives of people and the planet more sustainable.
A document addressed to all stakeholders, or those with an interest in the company, which communicates the commitments and results achieved in the area of Corporate Responsibility - or Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), promoted by the UN 2030 Agenda approved in 2015 by the United Nations, which set 169 targets on specific environmental, economic and social areas.
The United Nations 2030 Agenda, adopted by world leaders in 2015, is the new global sustainable development framework and sets out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The commitment focuses on eradicating poverty and achieving sustainable development by 2030 worldwide, ensuring that no one is left behind.
The UN Global Compact is an initiative that through 10 fundamental principles, relating to human rights, worker dignity, environment and anti-corruption, encourages companies around the world to create an economic, social and environmental balance leading to a sustainable economy that ensures that everyone has the opportunity to share its benefits.
Also known as creative reuse, it is the process of transforming unwanted materials or products into new materials with the addition of details that make them unique (design, material improvement...). It differs from recycling because it aims to enhance the final product by adding details that make it more exclusive than the initial product.
Set of upstream processes (animal breeding and slaughtering, chemical production, etc.) prior to leather processing by the tannery
Practice for reporting, in a confidential and protected manner, violations or offences by third parties (employees, suppliers, etc.) committed by a company